What important preparations are needed before designing sports stadium lighting systems?

Before starting a stadium lighting system design, it is often necessary to understand the specific requirements of different stadiums, evaluate the size and shape of the stadium, consider televised standard and comply with lighting regulations and standards.

By completing these important preparatory steps, designers can lay a solid foundation for creating an effective and efficient lighting solution, ensuring optimal lighting effects for the sports venue.

1. Types and Uses of Sports Venues:

1.1. Different Types of Sports Venues

Different types of sports have different rules and requirements, which directly influence the varying demands for illumination intensity, uniformity, and reflection.

For example, a soccer field requires broader and more uniform lighting to ensure players can clearly see the ball and teammates throughout the entire field, while a tennis court may require more concentrated lighting to accurately track the ball’s trajectory.

1.2. televised-standard and Non-televised-standard Standards:

Sports venue lighting systems should provide designated illumination levels. If necessary, the illumination for televised events should meet the requirements for television broadcasting.

Non-televised eventsTelevised events
Fitness and amateur trainingNational and international televised
Amateur competition and professional trainingMajor national and international televised
Professional competitionMajor national and international HD televised

2. Stadium size and shape:

Understanding the dimensions and shapes of sports venues is crucial for designing, installing, and maintaining lighting systems.

Based on the information about the sports venue, Aisports designers can estimate parameters such as the installation positions of luminaires, the number of luminaires, installation heights, luminaire wattage, and angles.

Therefore, before commencing the construction of the lighting system, the following preparations are required:

Measurements: Utilize measuring tools to conduct detailed measurements of the sports venue, including length, width, height, and any special structural features. These measurements will provide the foundation for the design and layout of the lighting system.

2.1. Court Size: The size of the court or field is an important factor to consider.Larger courts or fields require more lighting to achieve sufficient illumination levels. For instance, a full-size soccer field (100 yards by 50 yards) requires more lighting compared to a smaller 7-a-side or 5-a-side soccer field.

Common Number of Luminaires:

  • 5-a-side soccer field: 12 – 24 units
  • 7-a-side soccer field: 30 – 80 units
  • Full-size soccer field: 60 – 200 units

2.2. Luminaire Wattage: The wattage of the luminaires is also an important factor to consider. Lower wattage luminaires require more luminaires to achieve the same level of illumination as higher wattage luminaires.

Common Wattage Range:

  • Indoor sports courts: 100 W – 500 W
  • 5-a-side soccer field: 200 W – 500 W
  • 7-a-side soccer field: 300 W – 1000 W
  • Full-size soccer field: 500 W – 2000 W

2.3.Installation Height: The installation height of the luminaires also affects the required number of luminaires. The higher the installation height, the more luminaires are needed to achieve sufficient illumination levels.

Common Installation Heights:

  • 5-a-side soccer field: 8 – 15 meters
  • 7-a-side soccer field: 12 – 20 meters
  • Full-size soccer field: 15 – 50 meters

3. Lighting Standards:

Understanding that the lighting system complies with international or local lighting standards and regulations is crucial to ensuring the safety of athletes and spectators while providing adequate illumination intensity and uniformity.

FIFA Training Ground Lighting Standards

FIFA CompetitionFIFA Lighting StandardFIFA Floodlight Power Supply Standard
FIFA World Cup™Standard AFPS – A
FIFA Women’s world Cup™
Final (semi-finals and opening match by agreement)
Standard AFPS – A
FIFA Women’s world Cup™
Group matches, round of 16 matches and quarter-finals
Standard BFPS – B
FIFA Club World Cup™Standard BFPS – B
FIFA U-20 World Cup™Standard BFPS – B
FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup™
Final and opening (semi & quarter finals by agreement)
Standard CFPS – B
FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup™
Group matches and round of 16 matches
Standard DFPS – C
FIFA U-17 World Cup™ Final and semi-finalsStandard CFPS – B
FIFA U-17 World Cup™
Group matches, round of 16 and quarter-finals
Standard DFPS – C
Olympic Football Tournament (Men’s & Women’s)Standard BFPS – B /
Defined by the IOC

4. Lighting Design:

In addition to these factors, you may also want to consider the type of lighting technology used, such as LED or HID, as well as further details such as the lighting control system and maintenance requirements of the lights.

It’s important to work with a lighting professional who can consider all of these factors and provide a customized solution for your specific ballpark. Aisports can provide you with professional sports lighting system design.

AIsports lighting design


To choose a right lighting standard is the most important work between the client and the company


There is no enough space for poles to match the lighting standard in some sports courts. Accurate dimension and layout are required


The professional sports lighting company will make full use of each penny to bright your sports court, in other words, save your budget

A lighting system must be installed which meets the needs of players, spectators, broadcasters, investors, builders, system operator and the local community,. There is no lighting standard to follow for the builder and client. Problems happen during or after the contract. Players don’t like a comfortless or dangerous sport courts
Save budget VS Waste of budget
Bright and safe Glare and dangerous
Comfortable Comfortless